From manganese nodules to lunar regolith
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From manganese nodules to lunar regolith a comparative legal study of the utilization of natural resources in the deep seabed and outer space by Lotta Viikari

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Published by University of Lapland in Rovaniemi .
Written in English


  • Marine mineral resources -- Law and legislation.,
  • Ocean bottom -- Law and legislation.,
  • Regolith.,
  • Lunar mineralogy.

Book details:

Edition Notes

StatementLotta Viikari.
SeriesPublications of the Faculty of Law, University of Lapland. D Series,, 1
LC ClassificationsK3485.7 .V55 2002
The Physical Object
Paginationxxx, 162 p. ;
Number of Pages162
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3772129M
ISBN 109516348556
LC Control Number2003509250

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Apart from a few minor mistakes or debatable statements— e.g. in the context of the discussion of the legal status of outer space vis à vis the Moon, private appropriation is too easily equated with the “national appropriation” of Article II, Outer Space Treaty, which is prohibited whether “by claim of sovereignty or by any other means”—the only criticism which might be levelled Author: von der Dunk, G Frans. Lunar soil is the fine fraction of the regolith found on the surface of the properties can differ significantly from those of terrestrial physical properties of lunar soil are primarily the result of mechanical disintegration of basaltic and anorthositic rock, caused by continual meteoric impacts and bombardment by solar and interstellar charged atomic particles over years. Review of From Manganese Nodules to Lunar Regolith: A Comparative Legal Study of the Utilization of Natural Resources in the Deep Seabed and Outer Space, by Lotta Viikari. MNs are teeming with all types of metals, but five are significant and the target of mining prospectors: Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, and Co, with manganese being the most abundant, having a mean of about 24% (hence the name Manganese Nodule). 2 MNs come in all different shapes and sizes; Vineesh et al. concur: “Large variation in morphological types of.

Manganese nodules occur in many marine regions. They are found in significant abundances in four regions of the ocean: CLARION-CLIPPERTON ZONE (CCZ): With an area of around 9 million square kilometres, approximately the size of Europe, this is the world‘s largest manganese nodule region. The CCZ is located in the Pacific, extending from the. Regolith covers almost the entire lunar surface, bedrock protruding only on very steep-sided crater walls and the occasional lava regolith has formed over the last billion years from the impact of large and small meteoroids, from the steady bombardment of micrometeoroids and from solar and galactic charged particles breaking down surface rocks. Other articles where Manganese nodule is discussed: authigenic sediment: Manganese nodules are pebbles or stones about the size of walnuts that are built of onionlike layers of manganese and iron oxides. Minor constituents include copper, nickel, and cobalt, making the nodules a potential ore of these valuable elements. Mining of manganese nodules has been. Manganese nodules also called polymetallic nodules because they are associated with large reserves of metals, such as Cu, Ni, Co, Fe and Mn, the latter being the most abundant, with an average Author: James R. Hein.

continuum of lunar regolith and a spherically shaped molten zone of lunar regolith set with an initial temperature profile. The cylindrical analysis was performed in order to examine the amount of energy which can be stored in the regolith throughout a number of lunar day/night cycles. A constant temperature cylinder was used to heatFile Size: KB.   The term lunar soil is often used interchangeably with “lunar regolith”, but some have argued that the term “soil” is not correct because it is defined as having organic content. The existence of manganese (Mn) nodules (Figure 1) has been known since the late s when they were collected during the Challenger expedition of – However, it was not until after WWII that nodules were further studied in detail for their ability to adsorb metals from seawater. Many of the early studies did not distinguish Mn nodules from Mn crusts.   The term lunar soil is often used interchangeably with "lunar regolith", but some have argued that the term "soil" is not correct because it is defined as .